Of the 19 Pueblo's in New Mexico, Santo Domingo is fifth in population and largely known because of their skill in jewelry and other crafts. Much of the Pueblo is devoted to the making of jewelry. The Santo Domingo artists travel all over the southwest, displaying and selling inlayed jewelry and heishi beads, which stand out from anywhere else. The pottery of the Pueblo is strictly traditional, using the ancient techniques and decorations.
They're considered the most conservative of all the Pueblo's, in terms of customs and culture. Among others, the Corn Dance to honor St. Dominic is very popular, as well as the Sandaro burlesque.
The Santo Domingo Pueblo was established in 1598 on the Galisteo Creek, but floodwaters washed the village away. A new Pueblo eventually developed on the Rio Grande. Flood waters struck Santo Domingo in 1692, and again in 1886, washing away most of the Pueblo each time but thankfully, most records and religious objects were saved. Since then, it's continued to grow and become one the of largest conservative Native American Pueblos in New Mexico.